The European Union (EU) plans to impose more “stringent” environmental measures for the manufacture of batteries for electric cars in order to be environmentally friendly throughout their life cycle.
“The EU will become the second global market for batteries. The number of batteries marketed and their importance will grow in the coming years. Their sustainability should not lag behind,” said the Commissioner for the Environment, Oceans and Fisheries in an interview. , Virginijus Sinkevičius.
In December last year, the European Commission (EC) approved a € 3.2 billion state aid package to research and develop a “pan-European ecosystem” of electric batteries, an initiative in which Belgium, Finland, France, Germany, Italy, Poland and Sweden, but in which Spain is not. It is present, however, in another project sponsored by Germany and made up of eleven countries.
According to estimates by the EC, the market value of batteries in the Old Continent will reach 250,000 million euros by 2025, with a production capable of meeting the demand of the industry. At present, China, Japan and South Korea supply the world with batteries, while Europe has lagged behind, despite concentrating the majority of firms in the sector, such as the Volkswagen group, Daimler, PSA, Renault or Fiat, among others. .
In this context, Sinkevičius explained that the EU will require a “more responsible” supply of raw materials and the use of “clean” energy for production, as well as boosting energy efficiency and improving the durability of the batteries themselves.
The commissioner has stated that the new rules will affect both batteries manufactured in the EU and those imported from other countries. To meet its goal of reducing greenhouse gas emissions to zero by 2050, the EU needs to cut emissions from transport by 90%.
The growth of the European electric vehicle market is beginning to attract battery manufacturers to the Old Continent. China’s Svolt Energy Technology will join Contemporary Amperex Technology in opening a factory in Germany, while Tesla supplier Panasonic may start another business in Norway.