Optimum use of scarce natural resources has drawn much attention over the years and efforts have been made toward realizing improved agricultural practices and achieve sustainability. Food security concerns have pushed the industry into seeking more innovative approaches to improve agricultural and farm yield. Innovative use of emerging technologies has disrupted the traditional way of farming. Supply chain logistics, storage, distribution planning, product availability to end customer with several other challenges arise out of uncertainties centered around a lack of predictability about quality and quantity of produce. Thanks to the automation wave, the Agri sector has started leveraging on Artificial Intelligence, Data Sciences and robotics to not only improve productivity and efficiency but planning for overall growth resulting in the win-win for all the stakeholders in the value chain.
Many organizations are using automation and robotics to help farmers find more efficient ways to protect their crops from various kinds of plant and crop infections. There are apps that can be used for detecting the plant or crop health in time and provide a comprehensive diagnostic view relation to plant nutrients, soil ingredients, temperature, water requirements, etc. This helps to prevent the damage to cultivation through appropriate remedial measures in time.
There are organizations, who already developed a robot that is using computer vision technologies to monitor plant health and does spraying that kills unwanted plants while keeping the desired crop relatively unharmed. The benefit of precision spraying is that it helps prevent herbicide resistance. The image recognition app can identify the possible defects through the image taken through the cell phone camera and then displays messages regarding the health of plants, crops, and the condition of the soil . It then also displays the suggestion to improve the health of the plant/crop. Similarly, the users of the app are provided with soil restoration techniques, tips, and other possible solutions.
What is important is these technologies are user-friendly, easy to operate. For instance, Apps can be downloaded in mobile phones and can be used. Of course, certain areas such as the use of drones may better fit for a community-based approach depending on the requirement and user requirement such as the size of the land. Fast adoption of these technologies will create a measurable positive impact. Internet infrastructure and the availability of smartphones and required machines, as well as awareness among the right audience, is key to success!