The Italian Prime Minister, Giuseppe Conte, will present his resignation tomorrow due to the lack of support for his coalition in Parliament, after the crisis caused by the abandonment of the party Italy Viva de Matteo Renzi. Conte will communicate his intention to resign in the Council of Ministers and then go to the president of the Republic, Sergio Mattarella, to the Roman palace of Quirinale, according to official sources.
His intention will be to obtain a new order from the Head of State to form a Government, the third in two and a half years, given the current lack support in the Chamber of Deputies and the Senate after the departure of the governmental coalition of the formation of Renzi. His coalition, made up of the Five Star Movement anti-system (M5S), the Democratic Party (PD, center-left) and Free and Equal (LeU, left), lost Renzi’s key endorsement on January 13 by your disagreement with the Pandemic Recovery Plan.
Last Monday, Conte achieved an absolute majority in the Chamber of the Deputies while remaining with a simple majority in the Senate, and this thanks to the support of a heterogeneous group of deputies and senators of the Mixed Group. The result was also possible due to the abstention of the 29 deputies and 18 senators from Renzi.
Since then Conte has tried to bring together these specific supports in a parliamentary group to act as a “fourth leg” for his coalition and thus regain the indispensable absolute majority in both chambers, but finally it has not been possible. In this context, the Government faced a vote this week in Parliament where he could be in the minority for the first time: the 2020 management of the Minister of Justice, Alfonso Bonafede, one of the most questioned members of the M5S and the Government.
And your management report will most likely fail to convince most of the parliamentarians, especially for their criticized reform of the prescription of crimes and the release of gangsters for lighten prisons at the start of the pandemic. Faced with this obstacle, noting his weakness in Parliament, Conte he has finally decided to resign.
The objective now is to achieve another mandate to form a Government and add the support of centrists, wayward from Silvio Berlusconi’s Forza Italia or even a negotiation for a Renzi return with the aim of finish the legislature in 2023. The M5S, the first party in Parliament after the 2018 elections, and the PD insist on supporting Conte as prime minister, in the face of voices that suggest a change at the head of the Executive.
The furthest option would be an electoral advance, taking into account of the pandemic and that they would have to vote before July, when it begins the so-called “white semester”, the period preceding the change in President of the Republic in which it is not allowed to dissolve Parliament.
The most resounding “no” to support Conte comes from the opposition of far right, that of the League of Matteo Salvini and the Brothers of Italy of Giorgia Meloni, who demand elections, aware that all the polls they give them good results.