EU countries on Thursday agreed to a common position on new rules to curb the power of US tech giants and force them to monitor their platforms more for illegal content.
However, European officials will still have to iron out the final details with EU lawmakers, who have proposed stricter rules and higher fines.
Frustrated by the slow pace of antitrust investigations, Margrethe Vestager, EU Competition Commissioner, has proposed two sets of rules known as the Digital Markets Directive and the Digital Services Directive, targeting Amazon, Apple, Alphabet (Google) and Facebook. .
The Digital Markets Law contains a list of what the guardians of the network should and should not do, that is, the companies that control data and access to their platforms, that control data and access to their platforms.
The Digital Services Act (DSA) forces tech giants to do more to combat illegal content on their platforms, with fines of up to 6% of global turnover for non-compliance.
The common position adopted by the EU countries follows the main points proposed by Vestager, with some tweaks, with the European Commission as the main responsible for the application of the new rules, despite an initial proposal from France intended to give more power to national control bodies.
The changes agreed by the EU countries include a new obligation for technology companies that improves the right of end users to unsubscribe from the services of the main platform and shortens the deadlines and improves the criteria for appointing gatekeepers.
Luxembourg, where Amazon is headquartered in Europe, welcomed the agreement, which designates national watchdogs as primarily responsible for implementing the DSA for companies based in their countries.
“Luxembourg welcomes the fact that, in general, the country in which the intermediary is established remains responsible for the application of the harmonized standards, thanks to closer cooperation with the other Member States and the Commission, except when it comes to of the big operators, “he said in a statement.