Energy production in Spain through renewable set a record last year. According to the Advance Report of the 2020 Spanish Electricity System of Red Eléctrica de España (RRE), 44% of the total energy generated in the country last year was through natural resources, which represents an increase in 12.8% compared to 2019 and the historical maximum since there are records .
The report, presented this Friday at the Ministry for the Ecological Transition and the Demographic Challenge, highlights the record production achieved by wind energy, responsible for more than a fifth of all annual generation, along with the 65% rise in the solar. These two technologies were responsible for 21.9% and 6.1%, respectively, of electricity.
“The increase in renewable generation to an all-time high has been achieved with very high standards of quality and security of the electricity supply. A goal achieved, even in such exceptional moments as those experienced in the last year, which have been a challenge for the operation of the system “, highlighted the president of Red Eléctrica, Beatriz Corredor.
Wind power thus became the second technology in the production structure, led by nuclear, with a 22.2% share of the total. The third source of generation was the combined cycle, which generated 17.5% of the total, although it reduced its production by 20.3% compared to 2019.
For its part, hydroelectric power, which was in fourth place, experienced an increase in its production of 23% and reached a participation quota of 12.2%, while coal registered in 2020 its lowest participation quota in the mix, with only 2% of the national production.
In this context, greenhouse gas emissions were reduced by 27.8% last year compared to the previous year. Production without CO2 emissions corresponded to 67.3% of the total, reaching 168,953 GWh [también máximo histórico].
RRE has highlighted that this increase in production through renewables was possible thanks to the 4,015 MW that the generation park added at the end of last year, with photovoltaics as the technology that most increased its presence [+29,5%], followed by wind [+5,3%]. In addition, 3,951 MW of coal were decommissioned, which contributed to the total installed renewable power representing 53.8% of the total Spanish production capacity.
The lower economic activity derived from the coronavirus crisis led to a sharp drop in both demand and electricity prices in the last year. Thus, electricity demand in Spain fell by 5.6% in the whole of 2020, reaching 249,819 GWh
“During 2020 we have continued working tirelessly to accelerate, in an orderly manner, the energy transition, promoting the increase in the installed capacity of renewable technologies, but also the introduction and development of other fundamental systems for the energy transition, such as storage, renewable hydrogen, energy and citizen communities, self-consumption, sustainable mobility or the digitization of networks “, indicated the general director of Energy Policy and Mines, Manuel García.